Thinking of selling? Don't go into life's most important transaction blindly
Acquisition multiples are on the upswing. Acquisition activity is on the increase. If you own a security company, the sale of your company's assets will be the most important transaction you'll ever undertake. Act wisely. Prepare your company for sale and maximize its value by following a few simple pointers.
It's more than just the motto of the Boy Scouts. It's the best way to run your business. Prepare your business for exit from day one. Do things right the first time. Maintain records meticulously. Obtain signed contracts for every account. (Every company has accounts without contracts. Identify and address yours before a potential acquirer does.) Continually update records and systems, including accounting and customer records. Make sure business data is readily exportable into Excel. Review data and systems periodically to ensure compliance. Most importantly, premise daily business decisions on what's best for the company in the long run, not what's expedient in the short run. If you do so consistently, you will reap significant benefits when you sell your business.
SHOULD I STAY OR SHOULD I GO?
In life, timing is everything. When should you sell? You must resolve at least two threshold issues to answer this question. First, do you want to sell? This is an emotional issue. If the answer is yes, then determine if it makes financial sense to sell. This is an economic decision. If you must continually reinvest your recurring revenue profits into the business, it may be the best time to exit, particularly if you can earn as much working for an acquirer. (Don't make the mistake of bleeding to death slowly while eating away at your free cash flow.) Many operators are good at selling or installing systems, but do not have the capital or financial acumen to succeed over time. Be realistic. Have you hit a ceiling? Can you go further? You may not be able to continue to support the growth necessary to achieve real, long-term profitability. On the other hand, can you make the transition from owner to employee? This sort of analysis does not lend itself to a gut decision. It requires an impartial professional to guide the process.
DO YOUR HOMEWORK
You'd be amazed what sellers don't know about their businesses, including sellers with first-rate reputations in the industry. I've seen operators who didn't realize they had accounts with qualified recurring monthly revenue until after closing, when the buyer discovered the accounts. Retain an industry consultant to analyze your account base thoroughly before you market your company to potential buyers. (Consider undergoing this sort of process periodically, far in advance of selling your company.) Seller-initiated due diligence invariably leads to the resolution of issues early in the process. The associated expense usually pays ample dividends in the long run. Buyers, like anyone else, don't like sellers who over-promise and under-deliver. Know what you have to sell and sell what you have.
RETAIN COMPETENT PROFESSIONALS
Your local attorney may be a competent trial or estates attorney, but how many alarm companies has she purchased or sold? Does she really understand the intricacies of a performance guaranty or the account-related representations and warranties? If not, do you want to pay her hourly rate so that she can learn the issues while on the job? I often marvel at how a seller's counsel, without industry experience, misses the important issues, leaving money on the table and exposing sellers to unnecessary liability. Similarly, your long-time accountant may be able to prepare your tax returns, but does he know what is necessary to determine what your company is really worth and to maximize your company's value? You get what you pay for in life. Your most important transaction is not the time to look for bargains. Retain competent professionals familiar with the industry and how smart buyers and sellers in the industry get good deals done. That's the best way to make sure your deal gets done without a hitch.
COMMIT TO SELL
In the end, selling requires a significant economic and emotional commitment on the seller's part. Most entrepreneurs take a great deal of pride in what they've created. They feel a strong personal bond to their customers. The purchase and sale of a company or its assets follows a specific process, which often takes on a life of its own. As a seller, you must maintain a commitment to the process and ride the emotional roller coaster. There are likely to be moments when you're sure the deal won't get done. However, if you've made the decision to sell and you've followed these pointers, you should be able to see the deal through to the end.
Eric Pritchard is a partner in the law firm of Kleinbard, Bell & Brecker where he regularly represents buyers and sellers in the electronic security industry. He can be reached by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.